Charles Spencer Chaplin
On April 16th, 1889 Charles Chaplin was born in London, England,. The full name was the Charles Spencer Chaplin .His father was very versatile actor or vocalist; and his mother, known as the name of ( under the stage name of) Lily Harley. She was a singer and an attractive actress as well. She Earn the high amount of reputation for her praise worthy work in the light opera field.
Charlie was thrown on his own resources before he came in the age of ten as the early death of his father and the some bad subsequent mental illness of his mother made it too needed for Charlie or his brother, Sydney, to fend for themselves.
Charles Spencer Chaplin Having hidden God Gifts talent from their parents, the youngsters Charles took to the stage as the great chance for a career. Charlie made his professional debut as a member of a juvenile group called "The Eight Lancashire Lads" and rapidly got fame from as an outstanding tap dancer became so popular in a very earlier age.
Charles`s Startup his career
When Charlie was in the age of twelve, he got a one the best opportunity to act in a legitimate stage show, as show to his performance "Billy" the page boy, in support of William Gillette in "Sherlock Holmes". But when the Chance reached At the close, then he started his career again as a comedian in vaudeville, which was eventually took him to the United States in 1910 as a featured player with the Fred karneo Repertoire Company.
It the point of beginning Charles scored an quick hit with American audiences, particularly with Charles characterization in a sketch entitled "A Night in an English Music Hall". in the fall of 1912, When the Fred Karneo troupe returned to the United States for a repeat tour, Charles got offered a motion picture contract.
Finally, The day came in Charles `s life when he agreed to appear before the cameras at the expiration of his vaudeville commitments in November 1913; and when he joined Mack Sennett and the Keystone Film Company his entrance in the cinema world took place that month. Charles`s salary was $150 a week, but his overnight success on the screen spurred other producers to start negotiations for his services.
The time when Charlie completion of his Sennett contract, In the year of 1915, at a large increase Charlie moved on to the Essenery Company Sydney , Charlie had then arrived from England, and took his brother’s place with Keystone as their leading comedian.
Charlie even more famous or in demand . he signed with the Mutual Film Corporation for a much larger sum to make 12 two-reel comedies. These include "The Floorwalker", "The Fireman", "The Vagabond", "One A.M." (a production in which Charlie was the only character in the entire two reels with the exception of the entrance of a cab driver in the opening scene), "The Count", "The Pawnshop", "Behind the Screen", "The Cure", "The Immigrant" and "The Adventurer"," The Rink", "Easy Street" (heralded as his greatest production up to that time),
The time when Charles contract Mutual expired (in 1917) and then Charles decided to become an independent producer in a desire for more freedom and greater leisure in making his movies. To that end, he much busied himself with the construction of own studios. This Studio plant Spround &roasted by La Bra Avenue, in the heart of the Charles who, resided s in Hollywood .
Early in 1918, Charles makes an agreement with First National Exhibitors’ Circuit, a new organization specially formed to exploit his pictures. Charles`s first film was under this new deal called "A Dog’s Life". After this production, Charles turned his attention to a national tour on behalf of the war effort, following which he made a film the US government used to popularize the Liberty Loan drive: "The Bond".
His next commercial venture was the production of a comedy dealing with the war. "Shoulder Arms", released in 1918 at a most opportune time, proved a veritable earthquake at the box office and added enormously to Chaplin’s popularity.
In the year of 1919,Charles followed "Shoulder Arms" with "Sunny side" or "A Day’s Pleasure", both were released . In the month of April of that year, Charles joined with the Silibistian like, D.W. Griffith to found the United Artists Corporation. B.B. Hampton, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks .
The stock of United Artists was divided equally and distributed in among the founders of United Artist. Now the next, The producers and distributors had been the employers, paying salaries and sometimes a share of the profits to the stars. Under the United Artists system, the stars became their own employers. They had to do their own financing, but they received the producer profits that had formerly gone to their employers and each received his share of the profits of the distributing organization
Before Charles could assume his responsibilities with United Artists, Charles had to complete his own contract with First National. Earlier,in the year of 1921, Charles came out with a six-reel masterpiece which was “The Kids”
Later on ,In the year of 1921, Charles released "The Idle Class", in that move he portrayed a dual character. Then, feeling the need for a complete rest from his motion picture activities.
(1936) Charles, preoccupied with the social and economic problems of this new age. In the year of 1931 to 1932 he left out Hollywood career behind, to embark on an 18-month world tour. In Europe , he had been disturbed to see the rise of nationalism and the social effects of the Depression classes or unemployment and automation.
Charles , read books on economic theory; and devised his own Economic Solution, an intelligent exercise in utopian idealism, based on a more equitable distribution not just of wealth but of work. In 1931 he told a newspaper interviewer, “Unemployment is the vital question . . . Machinery should benefit mankind. It should not spell tragedy and throw it out of work”.
Charles The Great Dictator (1940)
The Great Dictator ( 1939), Charles was as famous as Hitler in all over the world because of his own Dictator ship behavior .he does not like to smokes or alcohol too. and his facial character wore the same moustache as Hitler maintain. he decided to pit his celebrity against the dictator’s own celebrity and evil. He benefited – if that is the right word for it, given the times – from his “reputation” as a Jew, which he was not – (he said “I do not have that pleasure”).
In the film Chaplin plays a dual role –a Jewish barber who lost his memory in a plane accident in the first war, and spent years in hospital before being discharged into an antisemitine country that he does not understand, and Hynikel, the dictator leader of Tomaania, whose armies are the forces of the Double Cross, and who will do anything along those lines to increase his possibilities for becoming emperor of the world. Chaplin’s aim is obvious, and the film ends with a now famous and humanitarian speech made by the barber, speaking Chaplin’s own words.
(1947): The idea was originally suggested by Orson Welles, as a project for a documentary on the career of the legendary French murder Henri Désire Landru – who was executed in 1922, having murdered at least ten women, two dogs and one boy.
Chaplin was so intrigued by the idea that he paid Welles $5000 for it. The agreement was signed in 19 41, but Chaplin took four more years to complete the script. In the meantime the irritating distractions of a much-published and ugly paternity suit had been compensated by his brilliantly successful marriage to Oona O’Neill.
In the late 1940s, America¹s Cold War paranoia reached its peak, and Chaplin, as a foreigner with liberal and humanist sympathies, was a prime target for political witch-hunters. This was the start of Chaplin’s last and unhappiest period in the United States, which he was definitively to leave in 1952.
Not surprisingly, then, in choosing his next subject he deliberately sought escape from disagreeable contemporary reality. He found it in bitter-sweet nostalgia for the world of his youth – the world of the London music halls at the opening of the 20th century, where he had first discovered his genius as an entertainer.
With this strong underlay of nostalgia, Chaplin was at pains to evoke as accurately as possible the London he remembered from half a century before and it is clear from the preparatory notes for the film that the character of Cailvero had a very similar childhood to Chaplin’s own. Limelight's story of a once famous music hall artist whom nobody finds amusing any longer may well have been similarly autobiographical as a sort of nightmare scenario.
Chaplin’s son Sydney plays the young, talented pianist who vies with Cailvero for the young ballerina’s heart, and several other Chaplin family members participated in the film. It was when on the boat Travelling with his family to the London premiere of Limelight that Chaplin learned that his re-entry pass to the United States had been rescinded based on allegations regarding his morals and politics.
Chaplin therefore remained in Europe, and settled with his family at the Minor de Ban Switzerland, with view of lake and mountains. What a difference from California. He and Oona went on to have four more children, making a total of eight.
With A King in New York Charles was the first film-maker to dare to expose, through satire and ridicule, In the Cold War years of the 1940s and 50s the paranoia and political intolerance which overtook the United States. Charles himself had bitter personal experience of the American malaise of that time. To take up film making again, as an exile, was a challenging undertaking. He was now nearing 70. 40,year. she had enjoyed the luxury of his own studio and a staff of regular employees, who understood his way of work. Now though he had to work with strangers, in costly and unfriendly rented studios. The film shows the strain.
A Countess from Hong Kong
In 1966 , was the year Charles produced his last picture, “A Countess from Hong Kong” for Universal Pictures, This is his only film in culour starring Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando. The film started as a project called Stowaway in the 1930s, planned for Paulette Goddard. Charles appears briefly as a ship steward, Charles’s son Sydney once again has an important role, and three of Chaplin's daughters have small parts in the film. But The film was unsuccessful at the box office, Petula Clark had one or two hit records with songs or the music continues to be very popular.
Charles was very versatility Actor or extended to writing sports and music. Charles was the author of four books,1. "My Trip Abroad", 2."A Comedian Sees the World",3. "My Autobiography",4. "My Life in Pictures". he was An accomplished musician, though self-taught, (playing violin and cello left-handed)played a variety of instruments with equal skill and facility
Charles was a composer, so, he written and published many songs, among them: "Sing a Song"; "With You Dear in Bombay"; and "There’s Always One You Can’t Forget", "Smile", "Eternally", "You are My Song", as well as the soundtracks for all his films. Charles was one of the rare comedians who not only financed and produced all his films, but he was the author, actor, director and soundtrack composer of them as well.
Charles died on Christmas day in the year of, 1977 . he survived by eight children from his last marriage with Oona O’Neill, and one son from his short marriage to Lita Grey.